Psakoudia beach Halkidiki: The charming seaside resort of Psakoudia is located 19 km south east of Poligiros between the peninsulas of Sithonia and Kassandra. The beach is regarded as one of the most beautiful resorts in Halkidiki. It stretches for 4 km and is a perfect destination for family holidays.
Along the beach, there are traditional seaside taverns watching the sun diving into the sea. There are also several accommodation options, most of which are located near the beachfront, and a couple of sports centres. Psakoudia is a convenient spot for excursions at both coasts and the inland of Halkidiki.
Psakoudia is actually the port of the town of Ormylia, which is situated above it. The village with its four-kilometer-long sandy beach on the coast of the Halkidiki area, between the Kassandra peninsula and the Sithonia peninsula. The distance to Thessaloniki is about 80 kilometers. The village Psakoudia itself is not very big, but because of the large beach it attracts many visitors are there are quite a few accommodations and facilities for tourists. Along the beach you will find shops, bars and fish tavernas, and there is also a campsite.
Psakoudia is located in a area with a beautiful nature, and is surrounded by pine trees and olive groves. The village is also visited by people who want to see the mountains behind it. Psakoudia beach has received the Blue Flag because it is clean and safe for swimming. There are opportunities for diving and to practice other water sports.
Psakoudia was once the site of the port of the oldest town in Halkidiki, Sermyli (which today is called Ormylia). Excavations show that Psakoudia was inhabited BC between 4000 and 2000. According to the historian Herodotus Sermyli was a large and important city in the 13th and 14th century BC. According to him the city also gave military aid to the Persians during the Persian wars. Coins that were minted after 400 BC shows that the city was autonomous. In 348 BC Sermyli was destroyed by the father of Alexander the Great, Philip II of Macedonia, and after that the survivors left the city.
Northwest of the village of Psakoudia on two hills is the ancient site of Olynthus that dates to the 7th century BC. According to mythology Olynthus was the son of the king Strymonas of Thrace, and he was killed during a lion hunt. Olynthos would then be built in his honor by his brother Vraggas. Another myth is that Olynthos was the son of Hercules.
Whatever may be true of these stories, the city of Olynthos was originally founded by people who were expelled from Macedonia and settled in Halkidiki. Little is known about Olynthos in the period before the Persian wars. In 480 BC the city supplied troops and ships to the Persian king Xerxes, but when the Persian army withdrew in 479 BC, the Persian army commander suspected treason, besieged and conquered the city, and had the inhabitants slaughtered. Olynthos was then given to the city of Torone.
In 432 BC in view of the aggression from Athens King Perdiccas II of Macedon commanded to merge a number of cities in Halkidiki and make Olynthos into one large, better defensible capital of Halkidiki. Thus Olynthos became one of the major military powers in Greece. Over the years the town became increasingly powerful and constantly appropriated more acreage. This resulted in 382 BC in a war with Sparta which lasted three years.
In 357 BC, when many Greek states were at war with Athens, Olynthos sided with King Phillip II of Macedonia (the father of Alexander the Great). Phillip II conquered all the towns in the area and Olythos became increasingly fearful for the growth of his power. They asked Athens for help, after which Phillip II in 348 BC besieged the city. He killed his two half-brothers (and also pretenders to the throne) Arrhidaeus and Menelaus who lived in Olynthos and destroyed the city completely. Olynthos never recovered anymore and was more or less forgotten. However the sudden destruction of the city has ensured that many objects from that period have been preserved on the site. These are now exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Olynthos. The site itself is located just northeast of the present village Olynthos and can only be reached with own transport, because there are no buses go to it.